“Options give you the right to buy or sell a stock at a certain amount, known as the strike price. For instance, an investor who holds a $500 call option for Apple expiring tomorrow—there are lots of these options—could buy the stock for $500 on the next trading day, Jan. 22. That investor would have wanted Apple to close above $500 today, so she could get the stock at a discount,” Seward writes. “Put options work the opposite way, permitting the investor to sell the stock at the strike price. So anyone holding a $500 put option for Apple that expires tomorrow—there are lots of those, as well—would have wanted the stock to close below $500 today.”
“But options traders aren’t reckless, so when they buy call options, betting that the stock will rise, they usually also sell shares of the stock itself, in case it actually falls. And vice-versa for put options. That’s known as a hedge,” Seward writes. “Trading in Apple stock picked up in the final hour today until finally settling at precisely $500. That’s probably because so many options traders were on both sides of the bet that Apple would end up above or below $500. This is called strike pinning, and it’s increasingly common as trading in stock options grows more popular.”
Read more in the full article here.